- Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms, I met him at the reception when he took me for a, While I’m sleeping, my dog tries to steal the, Next week, my boyfriend and I are headed to the, “Rags to Riches” (American television series), “Hurtin’ (on the Bottle)” (song, Margo Price), “Guys and Dolls” (American stage musical), “In the end, it’s not the years in your life that count. Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept. It may provide (or obscure) clarity or identify hidden similarities between two ideas. Metonymy is found in poetry, prose, and everyday speech. Metonymy is the practice of replacing a word with a word that has a related meaning, such as calling "shackles" irons because shackles are generally made of iron. Metonymy can be used in a number of associations, for example: 1. Metonymy can be found throughout fiction in poetry, plays and novels. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. In addition, metonymy as a literary device allows a writer to expand description. Instead of referring to the Australian Government, a newspaper might refer to ‘Canberra’ and the European Union’s various commissions and parliaments are simply called ‘Brussels.’ Similarly, the American auto industry is known as ‘Detroit’ and its innovative computer industry as ‘Silicon Valley.’. For example, the phrase “play some tunes” is metonymy for turning on the radio or other devices that play music. Generally, metonymy is used in developing literary symbolism, meaning it gives more profound meanings to otherwise common ideas and objects. Instead of just repeatedly saying, “the staff at the restaurant” or naming all of the elements of a dinner each time you want to refer to the meal, one word breaks up … It is a figure of speech where the name of an idea or thing is substituted for another name that the original name is closely associated with. In addition, the use of metonymy helps achieve conciseness. METONYMY. Learn more. For example, the overlap with synecdoche is so strong, many consider the two inseparable. If a reporter notes that "the White House released a statement," that's metonymy: "the White House" means the President or the President's administration. However, if a writer were to use “play some keys” as metonymy for turning on music, this would be an ineffective use of the literary device. Metonymy definition, a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “scepter” for “sovereignty,” or “the bottle” for “strong drink,” or “count heads (or noses)” for “count people.” See more. Metonymy definition is - a figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another of which it is an attribute or with which it is associated (such as 'crown' in 'lands belonging to the crown'). Definition: When the name of one object replaces another object that is closely associated with it. Metonymy is a derivative of metaphor as it is a type of figurative language. Either the man either didn’t properly or adequately value his manor, no longer wanted it, or was unaware of it’s full value. Metonymy is used in rhetoric, literature and news reporting. Definition of metonymy : a figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another of which it is an attribute or with which it is associated (such as "crown" in "lands belonging to the crown") Other Words from metonymy What is the difference between metonymy and synecdoche? These literary devices are similar but can be differentiated. METONYMY. Synecdoche is a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to signify the whole. For example the bottle is a metonym for alcoholic drink | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In this quote from his short story, Melville utilizes the “Tombs” as metonymy. Silver screen is an excellent use of metonymy. Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept. noun Rhetoric. Purpose of a Metonymy As with other literary devices, one of the main purposes of using a metonymy is to add flavor to the writing. Though Bartleby’s character has not been convicted of a crime, he is “conducted” to the Tombs as if he is facing his death sentence. Kennings are an old Anglo-Nordic literary device often found in old poetry. Often, the name that substitutes is related or a part of the original thing. What is the purpose of metonymy? VI. The use of metonymy dates back to ancient Greece. Other metonymies for sword include blade and edge. Even though the news or the media could refer to more than one thing, used in this sense, the word instantly is known despite it not being the original word. Melville’s use of metonymy with the Tombs is clever in underscoring two plot elements. Metonymy comes from the Greek word metonymia, meaning “a change of name.” Synecdoche, figure of speech in which a part represents the whole, as in the expression “hired hands” for workmen or, less commonly, the whole represents a part, as in the use of the word “society” to mean high society. 1. In this case, most readers would understand that “tunes” is related to a variety of musical pieces such as songs.Therefore, this is an effective use of metonymy. As metonymy, it can take the place of words such as movie, theater, film, etc. Purpose of a Metonymy As with other literary devices, one of the main purposes of using a metonymy is to add flavor to the writing. writing is more powerful than warfare). a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “scepter” for “sovereignty,” or “the bottle” for “strong drink,” or “count heads (or noses)” for “count people.” As a figure of speech, metonymy can be used to create imagery for a reader. One common use of metonymy is to refer to troops or armies as a nation’s “strength.” In modern terms, this metonymous term would include other parts of a defense system, such as advanced defense technology. Here are instances in which it’s effective to use metonymy in writing: It takes linguistic skill to create successful metonymy. Of course, the “hand” in this case is just the part that signifies the whole person who is receiving the proposal. To break from the normal sentences...less factual, more colorful. . . In addition, “silver” is associated with original black and white films and the glitter of Hollywood. This use of metonymy is common in both song and conversation. a word or expression that refers to something using the name of one of its qualities or features: The High Street is a metonym for the primary business street of towns or cities. It is a figure of speech where the name of an idea or thing is substituted for another name that the original name is closely associated with. The difference between metaphor and metonymy then arises, when a metaphor draws a relation between two different objects/situations/persons for better understanding. It's kind of cool to know what the word for this is. Container represents the contained 3. Purpose of a Metonymy As with other literary devices, one of the main purposes of using a metonymy is to add flavor to the writing. Metonyms closely resemble metaphors, but the thing being represented by a metonym will be a close match. For instance, “Rifles were guarding the gate” is more concise than “The guards with rifles in their hands were guarding the gate.” Furthermore, like other literary devices, metonymy is employed to add a poetic color to words to make t… The replacing word is usually known within the culture, but may not be immediately obvious to second language speakers. Explanation: A pen is mightier than sword..here pen is for written word … It’s the life in your years.” (Abraham Lincoln), “The circus arrives without warning.” (Erin Morgenstern), “Yesterday’s gone on down the river…” (Larry McMurtry), “But I, being poor, have only my dreams” (W.B. @bythewell - It's interesting because I've never really thought about this as a device, even though there are plenty of examples of metonymy in literature when you think about it. "I'm mighty glad Georgia waited 'til after Christmas before it seceded." Both fiction and non-fiction make uses of metonymy in literature. ‘Fleet Street’ is used to mean Britain’s journalism center even though most newspaper companies have moved elsewhere. Non-fiction also uses metonymy in literature to represent national governments and associate particular industries with particular locations. hand for worker), or vice versa. Writers often use it in this way, as well as to be more poetic or simply to make a long sentence more concise. As we've seen above, metonymy is used to provide meaning and connections to concepts. Metonymy definition: the substitution of a word referring to an attribute for the thing that is meant, as for... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples English Grammar English Composition Literary Devices. "'It’s just a question of understanding how language works.' Some other examples are Einstein, and, unfortunately, Hitler. This allows the writer an expansion of expression in order to convey thoughts and ideas to the reader. Metaphors are often compared with other types of figurative language, such as antithesis, hyperbole, metonymy and simile. I actually had a conversation with my father about this a long time ago, although I don't think either of us knew the word metonymy or the definition of it. . Another use of metonymy in poetry involves eliminating a nounin a product line and just leaving the adjective. The “Tombs,” in this case, is another way to express a detention center in New York where people awaited their court trial and subsequent conviction or acquittal for crimes. For example, not every word associated with another is effective in replacing the original word or idea. An example is what used to be the press, is now, the news, the media. As nouns the difference between metonymy and meronymy is that metonymy is the use of a single characteristic or name of an object to identify an entire object or related object while meronymy is (semantics) the relationship of being a constituent part or member of something; a system of meronyms. figure of speech that refers to something or someone by naming one of its attributes What Is the Difference between Metaphor and Metonymy? Therefore, this is a method for writers to vary their expression and produce an effect for the reader. In fact, metonymy means “change of name.” As a literary device, it is a way of replacing an object or idea with something related to it instead of stating what is actually meant. "'The Marlboro ad . When writers use metonymy as a literary device, they must consider what the reader’s understanding is of the relationship between the words and phrases. "Vic grunted. She artfully uses metaphors and … Example Sentences Learn More about metonymy — metonym, n. — metonymous, metonymie, metonymical, adj. “Screen” is related to the way movies were traditionally shown (or screened) in a theater. Cause represents effect 2. This tool helps you do just that. Mary Shelley’s novel “Frankenstein’s Monster" itself became a metonymy where the term ‘Frankenstein’ is used to mean a man-made monstrosity. However, unlike synecdoche, it is not a part of the word or idea it represents. Often, the name that substitutes is related or a part of the original thing. In this line, Shakespeare uses “song” as a figure of speech indicating an inexpensive or cheap price assigned to something of value. Recent Examples on the Web Within a year, its name was a metonym for excellence in the art of raw fish. The pen is mightier than the sword. Here are some examples of metonymy that may be found in everyday expression: Here are some examples of metonymy that may be found in everyday writing or conversation: Think you haven’t heard of any famous metonymy? A kenning performs a similar function to the metonymy in literature. Others argue that synecdoche is a specific type of metonymy. Therefore, the literary device gives the impression that the tool has mastery of the artist rather than the artist mastering the tool. It's a word used to stand for other word..and it's sometimes chosen because it is a all known characteristic of that word.. Metonymy is a figure of speech in which an object or idea is referred to by the name of something closely associated with it, as opposed to by its own name. (A metonym is often an attribute of the thing it represents.) Here, the word song is associated with a street performer being paid small sums for singing. Metonym definition is - a word used in metonymy. Metonymy substitutes the contained for the container, the effect for the cause. Also, it is a substitute concept for movies, movie theaters, etc. For example, consider the use of the word “heavy” as metonymy in the following sentence. A metonym is One way to differentiate metaphor is that it’s used to show similarity between two separate things that appear unrelated. By using "Georgia" instead of "Georgia's government, politicians, and all the voting citizens" provides brevity and color. The purpose of a metonymy is generally to focus the rhetorical emphasis of a reference to an object on a specific quality of that object. I mean, how cool is it that the man was such a genius he became synonymous with being able to escape. Here are some well-known and recognizable examples of this figure of speech: Metonymy is often confused with synecdoche. Metonymy is an effective literary device. Metonymy involves a word or phrase substituting or standing in for another word or phrase. — Pete Wells, New York Times, "At Sushi Nakazawa, Only the Price Remains the Same," 14 Jan. 2020 This little glass disk designed as corrective eyewear wound up as a comic prop, a universal metonym for wealth and snobbery. Metonymy is a figure of speech in which one object or idea takes the place of another with which it has a close association. A word used in such metonymic expressions is sometimes called a metonym [met‐ŏnim]. This phrase is a figure of speech, meaning it’s used for effect rather than literal meaning. It comes from the Greek word metōnymía, meaning “change of name.” Why Writers Use it: Metonymy can often allow writers and speakers to refer to complicated concepts or large groups of people with a single world. This means replacing a word with another one. Metonymy is also the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around it, as in describing someone's clothing to characterize the individual. The figure of speech Metonymy involves the exchange of nouns or verbs, where one noun or verb is put for another related noun or verb. The metonymy Is a rhetorical figure that consists in assigning to an object or idea the name of another element by a relation of contiguity. "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears." Here are some examples of metonymy and their interpretations in well-known literary works: The forms of things unknown, the poet’s pen, Turns them to shapes and gives to airy nothing. 1 Answer Madiha Oct 10, 2017 It's a word used to stand for other word..and it's sometimes chosen because it is a all known characteristic of that word.. Here are examples of these literary devices that illustrate the subtle differences: Overall, as a literary device, metonymy enhances literary symbolism. What is the difference between metonymy and synecdoche? For example, he took to the bottle. I know a man that had this trick of melancholy sold a goodly manor for a song. An example of synecdoche is the use of keel to mean a whole boat or wheels to mean car. An important kind of metonymy is synecdoche, in which the name of a part is substituted for that of a whole (e.g. The poet forms “things unknown” into words with “a name.” However, metonymy in this passage creates an image for the reader that the source of poetry is the pen rather than the poet. The function of metonymy in literature is to replace a noun with a figure of speech. Synecdoche, like metonymy, is the replacement of a phrase with an associated phrase. A well‐known metonymic saying is the pen is mightier than the sword (i.e. Purple prose specialist Edward Bulwer-Lytton created a famous metonymy in literature with the line ‘the pen is mightier than the sword.’ This is a double metonymy with the pen meaning words and the sword meaning violence. Polysemy occurs when a word or phrase can have more than one meaning. "Friends, R… The word “Metonymy” comes from meta, indicating change, and onoma, a name (or in grammar, a noun). Copyright © 2020 Literary Devices. What you didn’t tell me was that drag is a metonymy and cope is a metaphor.' In “Beowulf,” a character used ‘iron’ to mean a sword. . Metonymy is a derivative of metaphor as it is a type of figurative language. Metonymy is standard journalistic and headline practice as in the use of “city hall” to mean “municipal government” and of the “White House” to mean the “president of the United States.” This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager. Metonym definition: a word used in a metonymy . What Is the Role of Oxymoron in Literature? This means replacing a word with another one. Although literally a pen has no power over a sword, we understand this phrase means that the written word and the sharing of ideas, are more powerful than fighting, or physical force. Gone with the Wind, Margaret Mitchell Scarlett O'Hara is referring to the government and citizens of Georgia. All Rights Reserved. The idea that a man sold his “goodly manor” for a “song” reflects various interpretations of the line. It annoys me so much when people use the term Frankenstein to mean the monster, when it is actually the name of the scientist. The first is that Bartleby is to be interned in prison. Therefore, Bartleby’s character is literally and figuratively entombed through the use of this literary device. The second is foreshadowing that he is to be interred in a “tomb” simultaneously. For example, a common synecdoche for marriage proposal is to ask for someone’s “hand” in marriage. 'What difference does it make?' A metaphor is a figure of speech that, for rhetorical effect, directly refers to one thing by mentioning another. Dad was talking about how there were just a few people in history who managed to become so famous that you could say their name as a reference to something else. A metonym is a term used in place of a closely related term. In this way, words such as movie or film aren’t overused. They are a common occurrence in finance where ‘Wall Street’ is used to describe America’s financial center. Yeats), “Be the rainbow in someone’s cloud.” (Maya Angelou), “Life is a climb, but the view is great.” This is an example of, “There is a mountain of work on my desk.” This is an example of, “Today, I hit my job peak.” This is an example of. In addition, these figures of speech enhance literary expression and expand description in order to avoid repetitious phrasing. In addition, metonymy is a situation in which some subcategory or member or sub-model is used (often for some limited and immediate purpose) to understand the category as a whole, that is, there are cases where a part (a subcategory or member or sub-model) represents the whole category in reasoning, In Shakespeare’s “Julius Caesar,” the eponymous character asks his ‘friends, Romans, countrymen’ to ‘lend me your ears.’ Ears mean attention. What Is the Function of Metaphor in Poetry. Instead of replacing word for word, the kenning replaces a noun with two words. Metonymy is closely related to other phenomenon. Metonymy is quite close to metaphor, but with a more specific use. Metonymy uses names, whilst metaphor can indicate any representation. metonymy meaning: 1. the act of referring to something using a word that describes one of its qualities or features…. Synecdoche occurs when a word meaning a part of something is used to mean the whole. This functions as a means of avoiding word and/or idea repetition. Metonymy is a figure of speech (or trope) in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it's closely associated (such as "crown" for "royalty"). . Learn more. For example, God uses various forms of both Metonymy and Idiom regarding the subject with which we are dealing. A common form of metonymy uses a place to stand in for an institution, industry, or person. As I afterwards learned, the poor scrivener, when told that he must be conducted to the Tombs, offered not the slightest obstacle, but in his pale, unmoving way, silently acquiesced. Although, personally, I think the scientist was the real monster, so I guess it makes more sense to call someone that if you are trying to be insulting. William Shakespeare made use of metonymy in many plays such as when in “Macbeth” a character ‘brandished steel.’ Steel is obviously used to mean a sword. Texts exhibit deeper or hidden meanings, thus drawing readers’ attention. Metonymy enables writers to express a word or thought in a different way by using a closely related word or thought. Want to save up to 30% on your monthly bills? Metonymy is used in rhetoric, literature and news reporting. Definition: When the name of one object replaces another object that is closely associated with it. Instead of just repeatedly saying, “the staff at the restaurant” or naming all of the elements of a dinner each time you want to refer to the meal, one word breaks up … An author represents the book 5. metonymy meaning: 1. the act of referring to something using a word that describes one of its qualities or features…. Non-fiction includes rhetoric, articles and letters. For example, call salt to the salt shaker for the fact that this is the content. If a reporter notes that "the White House released a statement," that's metonymy: "the White House" means the President or the President's administration. An example of metonymy is the use of ‘Westminster’ to mean the British government. Closely related to metonymy—the replacement of a word by one closely related to the original—synecdoche is an important poetic device for creating vivid imagery. However, “heavy” also creates images of power and burden, which enhances the meaning of the metonymy in the sentence. Related Terms Synecdoche. Replacing words and ideas with others that are closely associated with the original words and ideas allows the reader a more profound way of considering the meaning of an image or concept that the writer is trying to convey. The best one I came up with was Houdini. The word metonymy comes from the Greek terms"meta"(meaning change) and"onoma"(meaning name), so that, in general, it can be said that metonymy is the change of name … metonymy a rhetorical or stylistic device in which one thing is named or referred to by the name of another, related thing; for example, the use of White House in referring to the presidential administration. Purpose of a Metonymy As with other literary devices, one of the main purposes of using a metonymy is to add flavor to the writing. “Mary decided she would let her husband be the heavy in giving out the children’s punishments.” In this case, “heavy” is a figure of speech for someone who is an enforcer or delivering unwelcome news. The connection may sometimes be rather distance, as in metalepsis. The sign re… This phrase uses metonymy (pronounced mi-ton–uh-mee), which is a figure of speech that replaces words with related or associated words. Examples of Metonymy in Everyday Language and Literature Even the habit of referring to the government by the name of the city it is in is just automatic to me. The metonymy “song” is also a clever manner of expression in this line when compared to the phrase “trick of melancholy.” In general, “song” has positive and happy connotations, which would be the opposite of melancholy. It comes from the Greek word metōnymía, meaning “change of name.” Why Writers Use it: Metonymy can often allow writers and speakers to refer to complicated concepts or large groups of people with a single world. Examples of kennings include using ‘whale road’ to mean ‘sea’ and ‘wave steed’ to mean ‘ship.’. If a closely related word can be substituted for another and retain the meaning of the original, this is a means of gaining and keeping the reader’s attention and interest. Both metonymy and synecdoche are related to metaphor, which is also a figure of speech. This includes polysemy, kennings and synecdoche. In this example, Shakespeare uses metonymy with the phrase “poet’s pen.” The poet, of course, is actually producing the imaginative creation. Conversely, repetitious phrasing can result in a reader losing interest or disengaging with the material. In this familiar Shakespearean line from the play "Julius Caesar," Mark Anthony was not asking if he could literally borrow ears. Instead of just repeatedly saying, “the staff at the restaurant” or naming all of the elements of a dinner each time you want to refer … Described as pale, unmoving, and silent, Bartelby resembles a living corpse. The difference between metaphor and metonymy then arises, when a metaphor draws a relation between two different objects/situations/persons for better understanding. Here, bottle is a metonym for drinking or alcohol. Metonymy means referring to something by one of its attributes or by using a related word. Most readers would not understand a strong enough connection between the word “keys” and musical songs. 1. As a literary device, the purpose of metaphor is to compare two unlike things without using the words “like” or “as.” There are also comparative aspects within metonymy and synecdoche, so the differences between these three devices can be subtle. Most people chose this as the best definition of metonymy: The definition of a meton... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. It is very commonly used for political reporting where the ‘White House’ means the President and ‘the Capitol’ means both the House of Representatives and the senate. Metonymy is a figure of speech in which one word is used to replace another to which it is closely linked. The replacing word is usually known within the culture, but may not be immediately obvious to second language speakers. metonymy Metonymy means referring to something by one of its attributes or by using a related word. Like metonymy, the kenning is a circumlocution, which uses words as tools. A greater thing represents a smaller thing 4. We then tried to think of every single name that could be used like that. The function of metonymy in literature is to replace a noun with a figure of speech.